Amidst the pandemic of the corona virus outbreak one of the strongest recommendations advised by all the governments in the world whether it be uk, usa, and india is the practice of social distancing……in other words stay at home and be safe.

Social distancing now is one of the greatest calls for humanity in these critical times.

In this way countries are not only using this is as a preventive measure for getting the prevention  but also reducing the infection and flattening the curve of infection to community.

The lock down as it is being referred to will essentially reduce the viral load, reduce the burden of infected cases for treatment at various healthcare facilities and give time for the country to  become prepared  for any major outbreak.

Social Distancing simply refers to avoiding close contact with other individuals in order to avoid catching the virus yourself and to avoid passing it on.

According to the World Health Organization, you must maintain at least one metre or three feet distance between yourself and anyone who is coughing or sneezing for corona virus prevention.

This needs to be done because whenever someone coughs or sneezes, they spray tiny liquid droplets from their nose or mouth which may contain virus.

As we all know by now the coronavirus is not airborne. It is spread via respiratory droplets that might end up on your hands if they are coughed on or you touch surfaces that have been coughed on.

If you are too close, then you are likely to breath in the droplets, including COVID-19 virus if the person who coughs near you has the disease.

Also the virus rapid spread is likely due to the movements of people with no or very mild symptoms namely, those who are unaware that they even have the virus.

So if movement of people in large numbers is reduced then it brings down the risk of community spread not only in the young   but mainly in the elderly as well.

That is why social distancing is such an important containment measure in this rapid spreading contagious disease.

Factors that determine social spreads is how susceptible people are to infection, the number of contacts between people, and the duration of those contacts.

Many cities have encouraged social distancing by banning large gatherings, encouraging telecommuting and closing schools.

Governments have also advised avoiding crowded public transportation if possible. Social activities are now discouraged through out globally.

Warning have been given of the norm to younger people who can becomes infected can spread the virus to an older person or someone who are immune-compromised  due to age.

If someone in your household has tested positive for the coronavirus, keep the entire household at home and infected person isolated for at least 14 days.

India thus far has been successful in curtailing the community spread of the virus with the lockdown. Everyone should stay at home except for certain essential activities, such as grocery shopping or to seek medical care, or to perform work for essential businesses, government agencies, or public infrastructure construction.

Our doctors and health care system are on the front trying to save lives by this  process we reduce the burden of infected cases. A rapid escalation of infection can overwhelms our health care systems.

“Flattening the curve” means dampening down that peak by reducing how fast the virus moves through the population. A slower spread means that on any given day, fewer people will need critical care for severe illness.

Social distancing can also effectively extend to environmental precautions such as disinfecting often-touched surfaces that may pass on the virus.

The best way to slow the spread is through public health measures that encourage social distancing.

People need to understand that this is really, really serious. It’s up to you and me not to get infected and to not infect others.

Prevent infection by staying in your house, washing your hands, avoiding people who are sick.

This measure can be life-saving – not necessarily for you if you are 30 years old and healthy, but maybe for your parents, and certainly for your grandparents.