A kidney transplant is an operation that places a healthy kidney in patient’s body. If the kidneys lose this ability, waste products can build up, which is potentially dangerous and can be life threatening. This loss of kidney function, known as end stage chronic kidney disease or kidney failure, is the most common reason for needing a kidney transplant.
It is possible to partially replicate the functions of the kidney using a blood filtering procedure known as dialysis, but this can be both inconvenient and time-consuming so a kidney transplant is the treatment of choice for kidney failure whenever possible. Many transplanted kidneys come from donors who have died. Some come from a living family member. Kidney transplants are intricate surgeries and needs careful planning, matching of the donor and recipient to reduce rejections and post-transplant care and follow-up.
Each patient referred for a transplant undergoes an evaluation including various physical examinations, diagnostic tests and educational meetings, usually performed on an outpatient basis. To be considered for a kidney transplant, you must have a diagnosis of end-stage renal disease without any conditions that would exclude you from getting a transplant. If you are approved as a candidate for transplantation and reimbursement for the transplant has been cleared you will be kept on waiting list. Before a kidney from any donor can be used, it is tested to determine whether it matches your tissue type and blood type. This test helps reduce the likelihood that your body will reject the new kidney. After placing the donor kidney in your body, the surgeon will connect blood vessels from the donor kidney to arteries and veins in your body.Advantages: A successful kidney transplant allows most patients to feel better and have an improved quality of life. Although medical supervision will continue after transplant, you will no longer be dependent upon dialysis. There may also be fewer dietary and fluid restrictions. The transplanted kidney takes over the work of the failed kidneys of the patient. The main role of the kidneys is to filter waste products from the blood and convert them to urine.
Exercise will become an important part of your life, enabling a faster return to your routine activities, and helping you maintain overall improved health. Do not resume strenuous exercise or lifting weights until you have been cleared to do so by the transplant team. You will not be able to drive for approximately two to four weeks after your transplant. You should speak with your physician before driving for the first time after your transplant. Travel within the first two to three months after transplant is not recommended. Routine examinations, Immunizations and vaccinations are required
What is a perfect match kidney?
Usually, a perfect match is from a brother or sister, but sometimes it is from the national registry. The chance of getting a perfect match from a sibling is much higher.
How long will I have to wait for a kidney?
This question is always difficult to answer as waiting time is influenced by several factors, including among others blood group, age and rareness of genetic type. On average, patients who are listed for a deceased donor transplant wait approximately three years.
Is there any age limit for inclusion on the transplant list?
There is no upper age limit for renal transplantation although it is important that whenever a kidney transplant is considered, the potential benefits outweigh the disadvantages.
Who donates kidneys for transplantation?
There are two sources for kidney transplants. One is from a living donor, and the other is from a non-living donor. Patients who have had kidneys donated from living donors usually enjoy higher success rates than those who receive organs from non-living donors, since there is less chance for rejection. A living donor must be in good health and free from diabetes, high blood pressure, cancer, kidney or heart disease.
Will giving a kidney affect my lifestyle?
A person can lead an active, normal life with only one kidney. Studies have shown that one kidney is sufficient to keep the body healthy. After recovering from surgery, a donor can work, drive, exercise and participate in sports. A donor can continue in all types of occupations. Also, being a donor does not impact a person’s ability to have a child..
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