A kidney stone, also known as a renal calculus is a solid concretion or crystal aggregation formed in the kidneys from dietary minerals in the urine. Urinary stones are typically classified by their location in the kidney or by their chemical composition. Small kidney stones may still cause pain. The pain from smaller kidney stones usually lasts a couple of days and disappears when the stone has been passed. If a kidney stone is big to be able to pass naturally (at least 6-7mm in diameter), one may need treatment to remove it. Kidney or ureteral stones should be treated if they cause symptoms. There are 3 common ways to remove stones: shock-wave lithotripsy (SWL), Ureteroscopy (URS), and percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL). If patient has a uric acid stone, he/she may be advised to drink around three litres of water each day to try to dissolve it. Uric acid stones are much softer than other types of kidney stone, and they can be made smaller if they are exposed to alkaline fluids.
Steps Taken :
When a urinary stone is suspected, an immediate evaluation is required. Blood is obtained to check on overall kidney function as well as to exclude signs of infection throughout the body. Urine is sent for a urinalysis and culture, also to examine for infection. Today computed tomography (CT) is the gold standard for stone diagnosis as it is very sensitive and can detect almost all types of urinary stones. The above mentioned tests give the urologist information about the size, location and number of stones that are causing the symptoms. This allows the urologist to determine appropriate treatments.
Patient needs surgical intervention to stone removal when the stone causes discomfort and does not pass naturally through urine. The surgeries are safe and effective.
The benefits of Kidney stone surgery is that patient get relieved from
lowner abdominal Pain
Pain during Urination
Other Painful Conditions related to Kidney Stone
Hematuria (blood in the urine)
A person with a family history of stones or a personal history of more than one stone may be more likely to develop more stones. The good first step to prevent the formation of any type of stone is to drink plenty of liquids including water. Lower your daily salt intake, Limit your coffee, tea intake, reduce intake of meat
Can I take something to dissolve my kidney stone?
The most common stone types (calcium oxalate and calcium phosphate, accounting for 80% of all stones) cannot be dissolved with medications. However, in patients with uric acid stones, medication (potassium citrate) can be successfully given to dissolve the stones, helping them to pass and preventing from re-development.
Do all kidney stones cause pain?
Kidney stones cause pain if they are blocking the ureter and trying to pass down towards the bladder. Stones that are not obstructing are generally not painful.
How are kidney stones detected?
Frequently stones are detected by chance during routine urine tests for other health conditions. Detecting and diagnosing stones helps to decide on the treatment.
What are the risks or potential complications of the various treatments?
Each treatment has its own inherent risks. Some risks that can be associated with all surgical procedures are the possibility of bleeding and infection. It is extremely rare for patients undergoing shock wave lithotripsy (SWL) or Ureteroscopy (URS) to have significant problems with blood loss or infection. The probability is higher with more invasive treatments such as percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) or open surgery. Antibiotics are generally given at the time of surgery to help prevent infection.
Will I have significant pain after the procedure?
Some discomfort is inevitable after surgical intervention for stones. The degree of discomfort is directly related to the invasiveness of the procedure. If needed, your urologist will prescribe medication to help control the pain during the recovery period.
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