Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is a condition of the aging men wherein the prostate gland grows in size. The cause of benign prostatic hyperplasia is not well understood; however, it occurs mainly in older men. It may compress the urethra and can impede the flow of urine from the bladder through the urethra to the outside. Untreated prostate gland enlargement can block the flow of urine out of the bladder and can cause bladder, urinary tract or kidney problems. BPH cannot be cured, so treatment focuses on reducing the symptoms. Treatment is based on how severe the symptoms are, how much they bother the patient, and whether patient has complications. There are several effective treatments for prostate gland enlargement. In deciding the best option patient and doctor will consider particular symptoms, the size of prostate, other health problems patient may have and his preferences. In mild conditions, lifestyle modifications and medicines are recommended to control the symptoms. In severe cases surgery for transurethral resection is recommended.
When Should I Seek BPH Treatment?
If you are experiencing symptoms of BPH that are affecting your quality of life, such as losing sleep because you need to wake during the night to urinate, you are unable to urinate, you are unable to delay urination, have hesitancy, or a weak urine stream, consult urologist immediately.
What Are the Long Term Risks of BPH?
If left untreated, BPH can progress and cause health issues. When the bladder does not empty completely, you are at risk for developing urinary tract infections (UTIs). Other serious problems include bladder stones, blood in the urine (Hematuria), incontinence, or urinary retention.
How common is BPH? Are there any risk factors?
BPH is extremely common. Half of all men over 50 years develop symptoms of BPH.
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