Haematology

Haematology is the branch of medicine concerned with the study, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of diseases related to the blood. It involves diagnosing and further management of diseases that affect the production of blood and its components, such as blood cells, hemoglobin, blood proteins, bone marrow, platelets, blood vessels, spleen, and the mechanism of coagulation.

A few of these different types of blood conditions that are looked at include anaemia, thalassemia, haemophilia, general blood clots, bleeding disorders, blood cancers etc.

At Wockhardt Hospitals, we have essentially a team of highly trained specialists, nurse clinicians, physical and occupational therapists who are all equipped to provide patients with care in the field of Haematology. We use the latest in pharmaceuticals and leading-edge technologies to help you win over diseases and live a normal life.

Wockhardt Hospitals specializes in treatments for all Haematological disorders such as:

  • Treating bleeding disorders such as hemophilia and idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura
  • Treating hematological malignancies such as lymphoma and leukemia (cancers)
  • Treating thalassemia & hemoglobinopathies
  • The science of blood transfusion
  • Bone marrow and stem cell transplantation
What is Haematology?

Haematology is a branch in medicine that is concerned in analysing various blood components and blood forming organs (bone marrow, spleen and lymphoid tissues). The speciality is a tool used in treating blood diseases from anaemia to the blood (leukaemia), lymphoid glands (lymphoma and myeloma) and abnormalities of blood coagulation.

What is blood and its components?

Blood is a connective tissue vital to our body's survival .Blood made up of red blood corpuscles and white blood corpuscles, platelets and plasma

What is the function of blood?

Blood helps to supply oxygen and nutrients to tissues, removing waste, act as a defence mechanism, transporting hormones and other signals throughout the body, and regulating body pH and core body temperature

What is complete blood count test?

The Full Blood Count blood test, also known as a Complete Blood Count (CBC) or Haematology Profile, examines the components of blood, including red and white blood cells and platelets.

The Haematology Profile blood test provides important information about the type, number and appearance of cells in the blood, especially red blood cells (vital for carrying oxygen around the body), white blood cells (key to the body's immune system), and clotting cells (important for controlling and stopping bleeding).

What are the symptoms for which you would be recommended to carry out a complete blood count test?

The signs that you may have a low red blood cell count (known as anaemia) can include fatigue, weight loss, loss of sex drive, lack of appetite, moodiness, constipation, irregular heart rate and a sensation of being cold. Symptoms of a low white blood cell count can include fatigue, shortness of breath and weakness.

What are some blood conditions that are identified and treated by a haematologist?
  • Iron deficiency anaemia and other types of anaemia such as sickle cell anaemia or trauma-related anaemia
  • Polycythaemia or excess production of red blood cells
  • Myelofibrosis
  • Leukaemia
  • Hodgkin's Disease
  • Hereditary blood diseases and genetic disorders
  • Platelet and bleeding disorders such as haemophilia, idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura and Von Willebrand disease
  • The myelodysplastic syndromes
  • Hemoglobinopathies such as thalassemia and sickle cell disease
  • Multiple myeloma
  • Malignant lymphomas
  • Blood transfusion
  • Bone marrow stem cell transplantation
What do some of these tests indicate?

Each blood component indicates certain diseases depending upon its variation from the normal values, here are some broad indicators:

  • Haemoglobin : A low haemoglobin result indicates anaemia which can have many causes including pregnancy, blood loss, liver damage, iron deficiency and much more
  • RBC count: A high count means there is a chance that the red blood cells will clump together and block tiny blood vessels. This also makes it difficult for your red blood cells to carry oxygen; a low count indicates anaemia caused by nutritional deficiency (e.g. iron, folic acid, vitamin B12) over-hydration as well as bleeding and bone marrow disorders.
  • WBC count: A raised WBC can indicate recent infection, inflammation, trauma and even stress. Your WBC can also be raised as a result of taking certain medications. A decreased WBC can result from a vitamin deficiency such as folate and vitamin B12, as well as liver disease and diseases of the immune system.
  • Platelets Count : When bleeding occurs, the platelets swell, clump together and form a sticky plug which helps stop the bleeding. If platelet levels are raised there is a risk of blood clots forming in blood vessels .If platelet levels indicate easy bruising and uncontrolled bleeding.
Speciality Areas
  • Anaemia

    Anaemia is a condition that develop when a human don't have enough healthy red blood cells to carry adequate oxygen in their tissues. In anaemia one may experience fatigue and weakness. There are many forms of anaemia, each with its own cause. Iron deficiency is the most common cause of anemia but it accounts for only 50% of the burden of anemia....

     

  • Bleeding Disorder

    Bleeding disorders are conditions that affect the way the human’s blood normally clots. The clotting process, also known as coagulation, changes blood from liquid to solid. When one is injured, their blood normally begins to clot to prevent a massive loss of blood. Sometimes, certain conditions prevent blood from clotting properly, which can result in heavy or...

     

  • Blood Clots

    Blood clots are healthy and lifesaving when they stop bleeding. But they can also form when they aren't needed and cause a heart attack, stroke, or other serious medical problems like deep venous thrombosis.Some patients also have inherited disorders that can predispose to abnormal clot formation in the body....

     

  • Blood Cancer Treatment

    Blood cancers are broadly speaking of three types -leukemia, lymphoma and myeloma.In most blood cancers, normal blood cell development process is interrupted by uncontrolled growth of an abnormal type of blood cell and bone marrow is affected.These abnormal blood cells, or cancerous cells, prevent the blood from performing many of its functions, like fighting...

     

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