Menopause is the stage in a woman's life when menstruation stops and a woman can no longer bear children. This phase leads to gradual depletion in the production of female hormones estrogen and progesterone. The fluctuations in hormone levels cause discomfort such as hot flashes (a sudden sensation of warmth, sometimes associated with flushing, and often followed by sweating) and sleep disturbances, vaginal dryness and mood changes. These symptoms can be well treated by supplementary hormonal treatment. This therapy is known as "hormone therapy" (previously called “hormone replacement therapy" or "HRT.")
Estrogen therapy is the most effective prescription medication to treat menopausal symptoms. Depleting estrogen levels also lead to bone loss in women (osteoporosis) disturbs lipid metabolism and increases cardiovascular risks. The hormonal therapy helps to prevent this bone loss, helps maintain metabolic equilibrium. This treatment must be under strict supervision of the treating clinician.
Advantages: Hormonal Therapy helps women endure the discomfort of menopausal symptoms and helps to the meet the challenges of the new phase of life with pride and confidence.
Is HT treatment life long?
NO; the duration if treatment is determined by the symptomology and discomfort that the patient experiences. Thus the treat is individualised under the supervision of the gynaecologist.
Can HT be combined with other medications for osteoporosis?
Yes; the HT can be co-administered in early signs of osteopenia and / or osteoporosis. It is prescription medicines and should be only as per doctor’s advice.
Is HT treatment prescribed for endometriosis?
Yes; estrogenic and progesterone (both are the female reproductive hormones) are prescribed for the treatment of endometriosis under the supervision of the trained gynaecologists.
Myomectomy, sometimes also fibroidectomy, refers to the surgical removal of uterine leiomyomas, also known as fibroids.
Colposcopy is a medical diagnostic procedure to examine an illuminated, magnified view of the cervix and the tissues of the vagina and vulva. Many premalignant lesions and malignant lesions in these areas have discernible characteristics which can be detected through the examination.
Cervical cancer is a cancer arising from the cervix. It is the abnormal growth of cells that invade or spread to other parts of the body. Worldwide, cervical cancer is both the fourth most common cause of cancer and deaths from cancer in women.
Hysterectomy is the surgical removal of the uterus or womb. Depending upon the type of procedure that is performed and the reason for the surgery, hysterectomy may also include removal of the adjacent Fallopian tubes and ovaries. Hysterectomy is the most common major surgical procedure (unrelated to pregnancy) performed on women.