Inguinal Hernia Repair

A hernia occurs when the inside layers of the abdominal wall weaken then bulge or tear. The inner lining of the abdomen pushes through the weakened area to form a balloon-like sac. This, in turn, can cause a loop of intestine or abdominal tissue to slip into the sac, causing pain and other potentially serious health problems. Inguinal hernia repair is surgery to repair a hernia in your groin. A hernia is tissue that bulges out of a weak spot in the abdominal wall. Your intestine may bulge out through this weakened area.

What are the symptoms of hernias?

  • A noticeable protrusion in the groin area or in the abdomen
  • Feeling pain while lifting
  • A dull aching sensation
  •  A vague feeling of fullness

Types of Hernia:

  • Inguinal Hernia- Direct and Indirect Incisional or ventral: appears at the site of the incision of a previous abdominal operation. This can happen soon after the operation or many years later.
  • Inguinal: develops when a portion of an internal organ such as the intestine, along with fluid, bulges through a weakened area in the muscle wall of the abdomen.
  • Umbilical: occurs around the navel and is usually present at birth, though it may not become a problem until adulthood.

At Wockhardt Hospital our surgeon would evaluate the course of treatment depending open repair (small incision over the herniated area) or by laparoscopic surgery (minimally invasive) upon the symptoms of the patient severity. Prior investigations are carried out. At our centre both herniorapy and laparoscopy surgeries are carried out to repair the hernia defect.

Traditional surgery or surgery with a laparoscope (a thin, lighted tube with a camera on the end) can usually repair an inguinal hernia. Procedure is usually done under General anaesthesia

The surgeon will make an incision, locate the hernia, and separate it from surrounding tissues. They will push the herniated tissue back into place in your abdomen. Stitches will close up the tear or strengthen weak abdominal muscles. Sometimes your surgeon will attach mesh to strengthen the abdominal tissues and reduce the risk of another hernia.

Laparoscopy is useful when the hernia is small and easy to access. This method leaves smaller scars than regular surgery, and recovery time is faster. Your surgeon will use a laparoscope and miniaturized instruments to do what would otherwise be done in open surgery.

If you have traditional surgery, it may take up to six weeks for a full recovery. With laparoscopy, you’ll probably be able to get back to your normal activities within a few days.

Breast biopsy and Breast Cancer:

Breast cancer starts when cells in the breast begin to grow out of control. These cells usually form a tumour that can often be seen on an x-ray or felt as a Lump. Breast cancers can start from different parts of the breast and can spread throughout the body. It’s also important to understand that most breast lumps are not cancerous, they are benign. Breast cancer can spread when the cancer cells get into the blood or lymph system and are carried to other parts of the body.

Any breast lump or change needs to be checked by a health care provider to determine whether it is benign or cancer.

Signs and Symptoms of Breast Cancer:

Breast Lumps are vital to look out, first sign or symptom of breast cancer is a lump in their breast. But many women have breast lumps and most of them are benign (not cancerous), and there are other important signs and symptoms like dimpling or puckering of skin texture, inversion of the nipple, nipples might have a discharge and rash or crusting of the nipple or surrounding area.

Some non-cancerous breast lumps:

Breast cysts are fluid-filled sacs inside the breast, which are usually not cancerous .You can have one or many breast cysts and they can happen in one or both breasts. They're often described as round or oval lumps with distinct edges.

 Fibrocystic breasts are characterized by lumpiness and usually discomfort in one or both breasts. The condition is very common and benign, meaning that fibrocystic breasts are not malignant

Test detecting breast cancer:

  • Mammograms
  • Breast Ultrasound
  • Breast MRI Scans
  • Breast Imaging
  • Breast biopsy
  •  A triple negative breast cancer diagnosis means that the offending tumour is oestrogen receptor-negative, progesterone receptor-negative and HER2-negative, thus giving rise to the name “triple negative breast cancer.”

On a positive note, this type of breast cancer is typically responsive to chemotherapy

1. Mammograms:

Regular mammograms can help find breast cancer at an early stage, when treatment is most successful. A mammogram can find breast changes that could be cancer years before physical symptoms develop.

2. Benefit of physical breast exams done by either a health professional or by yourself for breast cancer screening

A breast biopsy removes a sample of breast tissue camera.gif that is looked at under a microscope to check for breast cancer. A breast biopsy is usually done to check a lump found during a breast examination or a suspicious area found on a mammogram, ultrasound, or magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). A breast biopsy checks to see if a breast lump or a suspicious area seen on a mammogram is cancerous (malignant) or noncancerous (benign). Testing a biopsy sample is the only reliable way to find out if cancer cells are present.

There are several ways to do a breast biopsy. The sample of breast tissue will be looked at under a microscope to check for cancer cells.

  • Fine-needle aspiration biopsy. Your doctor inserts a thin needle into a lump and removes a sample of cells or fluid.
  • Core needle biopsy. Your doctor inserts a needle with a special tip and removes a sample of breast tissue about the size of a grain of rice.
  • Vacuum-assisted core biopsy. This is done with a probe that uses a gentle vacuum to remove a small sample of breast tissue. The single small cut doesn't require stitches and leaves a very small scar.
  • Open (surgical) biopsy. Your doctor will make a small cut in the skin and breast tissue to remove part or all of a lump. This may be done as a first step to check a lump or if a needle biopsy doesn't provide enough information.

Wockhardt Hospitals, a chain of tertiary care super-specialty hospitals has more than 25 years of experience in the creation and management of Super Specialty Hospitals in India.

We are a premiere hospital in the country specializing in the treatment of digestive disorders. We provide comprehensive digestive care to our patients. Our Gastroenterology Surgery and Minimal Invasive Surgery Department at Wockhardt Hospitals are regarded, as one of the centres for excellence.  Our clinical expertise and infrastructure support the treatment of health conditions, needing laparoscopic surgery or general surgery.  For further information visit Digestive Care Speciality at Wockhardt Hospital.

Wockhardt Hospitals is regarded  as a centre of excellence the healthcare domain,  having facilities in North Mumbai (Mira road), South Mumbai (Mumbai Central), Navi Mumbai (Vashi), Nagpur, Nasik, Rajkot and Surat. Wockhardt Hospitals has state-of-the-art infrastructure. Our prime objective is patient safety and quality of care at all levels. The guiding philosophy is to serve and enrich the Quality of Life of patients and to make life win.

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