Most patients with neurological disorders are first examined by neurologist who has specialized training in the diagnosis and non-surgical treatment of a wide variety of diseases affecting the brain, spinal cord, nerves and muscles. Testing performed in Neurology evaluates the functional aspects of the peripheral and central nervous system to aid in the diagnosis of epilepsy, multiple sclerosis, strokes, Parkinson's disease, and other neurological disorders.
Advantages: Neurology services offer treatment for diseases such as:
How are neurological disorders treated?
Many disorders can be treated with appropriate medicines. Treatment or symptomatic relief is different for each condition. To find treatment options, neurologists perform and interpret tests of the brain or nervous system. Treatment can help patients with neurological disorders maintain the best possible quality of life.
What is the role of the neurologist?
Neurologists are consultants to other physicians. When a patient has a neurological disorder that requires frequent care, a neurologist is often the principal care provider. Patients with disorders such as Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's disease or multiple sclerosis use a neurologist as their principal care physician.
What is a neurological examination?
During a neurological examination, the neurologist reviews the patient's health history with special attention to the current condition. Typically, they exam tests vision, strength, coordination, reflexes and sensation. This information helps the neurologist determine if the problem is in the nervous system. Further tests may be needed to confirm a diagnosis or to find a specific treatment.
Brain tumors are abnormal growth or cancers within the brain. Earlier having a brain tumor meant awaiting certain death.
An Arterio-Venous Malformations (AVM) is a tangle of abnormal and poorly formed blood vessels (arteries and veins), with an innate propensity to bleed. An AVM can occur anywhere in the body, but brain and spinal AVMs present substantial risks when they bleed.
A cranioplasty is performed to correct a deformity or defect of the skull. The deformity/defect could be congenital, as a result of trauma or acquired for example after a previous surgery involving the skull. A craniotomy is the most commonly performed surgery for brain tumour removal.
Lumbar fusion (Arthrodesis) is a major surgery performed to permanently join together two or more bones in the spine so there is no movement between them. These bones are called vertebrae. A lumbar fusion surgery is designed to stop the motion at a painful vertebral segment, which in turn should decrease pain generated from the joint.
Lamina is part of the bone that makes up a vertebra in the spine. Laminectomy is surgery to remove the lamina. Laminectomy is also performed to remove bone spurs in the spine. The procedure helps to reduce the pressure off the spinal nerves or spinal cord.
Aneurysm repair is a surgical procedure to correct an aneurysm, a weak area in a blood vessel wall that causes the blood vessel to bulge or balloon out and sometimes burst (rupture). It may cause:-Bleeding into an area around the brain, heart, abdomen-Bleeding that forms a collection of blood (hematoma)