Brain surgery is an operation to treat problems in the brain and surrounding structures. Brain surgery may be necessary for patients with a range of neurological ailments. Two of the most common reasons patients require brain surgery are brain tumours and brain trauma. The surgeon makes a surgical cut through the scalp. The location of this cut depends on where the problem in the brain is located. Whenever feasible the surgery is performed endoscopically and the MRI or CT scan helps to guide the surgeon to site of the surgery with minimal invasion.
Advantages: The advanced technology helps treat patients with a wide variety of disorders requiring brain surgery from diagnosis through rehabilitation. Very delicate and intricate brain surgeries can now be undertaken with positive outcomes.
What does a neurosurgeon do?
Neurosurgeon treats neurological (brain and nervous system) disorders. He or she is an expert in how to prevent, diagnose and treat all types of neurological disorders with surgery and other types of care, such as medication or physical therapy.
On the night before surgery, can I eat and drink?
Detailed instructions are usually given on the pre-anaesthesia visit, but as a general rule a patient should have nothing to eat or drink after midnight. Patients are encouraged to have a light snack in the late evening before they go to bed.
Will I be allowed to shower?
Exact instructions about wound care will be given to you prior to your discharge. In general, patients are allowed to shower 48 to 72 hours after their surgery using a quick rinse of the hair and a small amount of baby shampoo.
Brain tumors are abnormal growth or cancers within the brain. Earlier having a brain tumor meant awaiting certain death.
An Arterio-Venous Malformations (AVM) is a tangle of abnormal and poorly formed blood vessels (arteries and veins), with an innate propensity to bleed. An AVM can occur anywhere in the body, but brain and spinal AVMs present substantial risks when they bleed.
A cranioplasty is performed to correct a deformity or defect of the skull. The deformity/defect could be congenital, as a result of trauma or acquired for example after a previous surgery involving the skull. A craniotomy is the most commonly performed surgery for brain tumour removal.
Lumbar fusion (Arthrodesis) is a major surgery performed to permanently join together two or more bones in the spine so there is no movement between them. These bones are called vertebrae. A lumbar fusion surgery is designed to stop the motion at a painful vertebral segment, which in turn should decrease pain generated from the joint.
Lamina is part of the bone that makes up a vertebra in the spine. Laminectomy is surgery to remove the lamina. Laminectomy is also performed to remove bone spurs in the spine. The procedure helps to reduce the pressure off the spinal nerves or spinal cord.
Aneurysm repair is a surgical procedure to correct an aneurysm, a weak area in a blood vessel wall that causes the blood vessel to bulge or balloon out and sometimes burst (rupture). It may cause:-Bleeding into an area around the brain, heart, abdomen-Bleeding that forms a collection of blood (hematoma)