Elbow replacement is surgery to replace the elbow joint with artificial joint parts (prosthetics). The elbow joint connects two bones: humerus in the upper arm and ulna in the lower arm.
The artificial elbow joint has two stems made of high-quality metal. A metal and plastic hinge joins the stems together and allows the artificial joint to bend. Artificial joints come in different sizes to fit different size people.Elbow replacement surgery is usually done if the elbow joint is badly damaged and you have pain or cannot use your arm. Some causes of damage include osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, badly broken bone in the upper or lower arm near the elbow, badly damaged or torn tissues in the elbow and tumour in or around the elbow. Physiotherapy is needed to help you gain strength and use one’s arm. It begins with gentle flexing exercises.
Advantages: The majority of patients experience an improved quality of life after total elbow replacement surgery. They experience less pain, improved motion and strength, and better functions.
Why Elbow replacement surgery is necessary?
In a healthy elbow joint the movement is smooth and pain free. When a joint becomes damaged the surface of the joint becomes rough and movement becomes stiff and painful. The elbow replacement operation removes the damaged joint surfaces and replaces them with plastic and metal parts that work smoothly.
Is this operation painful?
It is usual to experience some discomfort. Patients receive painkillers to relieve pain.
Is the operation always successful?
The surgeon’s expectation of your operation will be discussed before surgery so that you understand the likely result, and the risks/benefits of the proposed operation.
Knee pain and arthritis and stiffness is treated with a variety of methods. This includes medications, physical therapy and exercises, weight loss methods and surgery to replace the worn out cushions between the joint spaces.
Total Hip Replacement (THR) is necessary when none of the other methods to correct a damaged hip is effective. In this operation the surgeon replaces the ball and the socket with metallic replacements and the cartilage with artificial joint material.