The most frequent liver cancer, accounting for approximately 75% of all primary liver cancers, is hepatocellular carcinoma (hepatoma). Once diagnosed and staged, the cancer care team of various specialists discusses the treatment options with patient. The treatment options takes into consideration the stage (extent) of the cancer and the health of the rest of patient’s liver, overall health of the patient, and the chances of curing the disease, extending life, or relieving symptoms. The treatment options include surgery (partial hepatectomy or liver transplant), Tumour ablation tions and recommendations depend on several factors such as:
cancer is only in the liver
cancer is only in the area where it started or has spread widely throughout the liver
The patient’s preferences and overall health
The damage to the remaining cancer-free area of the liver
When a tumor is found at an early stage and the patient’s liver is working well, treatment is aimed at trying to successfully eliminate the cancer. Management of the liver cancer treatment needs very careful diagnosis, treatment plan, and continuous follow up.
Primary liver cancer tends to occur in livers damaged by birth defects, alcohol abuse, or chronic infection with diseases such as hepatitis B and C, hemochromatosis and cirrhosis.
Why are people with hepatitis B or hepatitis C more at risk of developing liver cancer?
The exact link between hepatitis and liver cancer isn’t clear. However, hepatitis B and hepatitis C can cause cirrhosis, a condition that may lead to liver cancer.
If a tumor can be removed, surgery will be done. Up to 75% of the liver can be removed since the liver regenerates back in absence of cirrhosis or hepatitis.
Most patients receive their chemotherapy as outpatients or day patients, visiting the hospital on the day of treatment
.The primary goal of chemotherapy is to eliminate cancer cells and prevent recurrence. The benefits of chemotherapy include destroying cancer cells, shrinking existing tumours and preventing cancer cells from thriving and multiplying. The goal is to prevent or slow down the progression of disease to help extend life.