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Bronchial Asthma:

Bronchial asthma is a medical condition which causes the airway path of the lungs to swell and narrow. Due to this swelling, the air path produces excess mucus making it hard to breathe, which results in coughing, short breath, and wheezing. The disease is chronic and interferes with daily working. The disease is curable and inhalers help overcome asthma attacks. Bronchial Asthma can affect any age or gender and depends upon environmental and hereditary factors at large.

Symptoms:

  • Breathlessness or short breath while talking, laughing, or running.
  • Chest Pain or tightness.
  • Sleep apnea or trouble while sleeping caused by breathlessness.
  • Coughing or wheezing (whistling sound from chest while sleeping or lying down).
  • Cold and flu due to viral infection.
  • Peak flow test
  • Spirometry
  • Methacholine or asthma trigger
  • Nitric Oxide test
  • Imaging tests

Treatment:

Anti-inflammatory drugs

Drugs like corticosteroids (mometasone, flunisolide, etc.) are long-term medications and need time to reach maximum benefits. In cases of an asthma attack, oral medications like Accolate and Zyflo can provide relief for the day.

Inhaled bronchodilators

They act rapidly to ease symptoms of an attack.

Ipratropium (Atrovent)