This technique is more commonly used today in kidney donor procedures. It involves making several incisions of a couple of inches long in the abdomen. These incisions, called "ports,” allow the insertion of the laparoscope (camera) and other surgical instruments into the abdomen.
The camera and instruments used in a laparoscopic nephrectomy are used to cut the kidney away from surrounding tissue after clamping off the blood vessels and ureter. The kidney is then removed through an incision below the belly button.