In this procedure approximately 80 percent of the stomach is removed . The remaining stomach is a tubular pouch that resembles a banana like structure.
The greater impact, however, seems to be the effect the surgery has on gut hormones reducing hunger including hunger, increasing satiety, and controlling blood sugar. In this procedure, In the new stomach pouch holds a considerably smaller volume than the normal stomach and helps to significantly reduce the calories that can be consumed.
Benefits of the procedure are as follows:
- Restricts the amount of food the stomach can hold and Induces rapid and significant weight loss that comparative studies find similar to that of the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass.
- Requires no foreign objects (AGB) to be included in the process , and no bypass or re-routing of the food stream (RYGB)
- Involves a relatively short hospital stay of approximately 2 days
- Causes favourable changes in gut hormones
- Helps Improves Type 2 diabetes , independent of weight loss
- Is a non-reversible procedure
- Has the potential for long-term vitamin deficiencies
- Has a higher early complication rate than the AGB